Y-DNA Match Quality

Y-DNA Matches are grouped into four tiers:

  • Immediate Relative - Likely to be a parent, child, sibling or half-sibling
  • Close Relative - Likely to be first or second cousin
  • Distant Relative - Likely to be a 3rd, 4th or 5th cousin
  • Speculative Relative - Likely to be a 6th cousin or further


Genetic distance refers to the number of Y-DNA markers that differ between the two DNA test results.

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